It may seem like vegans and animal-product eaters have nothing in common dietarily, that is. One avoids meat, dairy, and other animal products at all costs; while the other may devour one or more of these food items daily. Despite those differences, preventive cardiologist Ethan Weiss, M.D., says vegans and carnivores alike can probably agree on three healthy food principles.

Not only are these three principles something all types of eaters can agree on, but they are also probably going to stick around for the foreseeable future:

Limit processed foods.

A study by researchers Kevin Hall, Ph.D., and Stephanie Chung, MBBS, found people who eat more processed foods consume more calories and gain more weight than people who eat minimally processed diets.
Certain candies and chips may be vegan, but that doesn’t necessarily mean they’re part of a healthy diet. Similarly, non-vegans can indulge in processed cheeses and ice cream.

In other words, “You can eat crappy food that’s vegan, and you can eat crappy food that’s keto or carnivore. In either case, it is important to choose minimally processed, whole foods when possible.

Limit added sugars.

According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), a daily intake of added sugars should be less than 10% of a person’s total daily calories. Not only do added sugars have addictive properties, but they can also negatively affect gut health, according to board-certified internist Vincent M. Pedre, M.D.

“It doesn’t mean you can’t have birthday cake, right? Have birthday cake, and don’t feel guilty about it. Instead, be mindful of sugar intake, and try to balance it with nutritious foods.

Limit refined carbohydrates.

Carbohydrates often get a bad rap, but they’re not always unhealthy. In fact, whole grains and ancient grains have a variety of health benefits, including potentially lowering the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Along with distinguishing high-quality and low-quality carbs, it is important to eat them in their natural state.

For example, the carbohydrates in broccoli, which come from fiber, are neutral. Don’t even think about how much you eat of that non-starchy, fibrous vegetable.

It is important to remember, all three food principles are about limiting and not completely eliminating these food groups.

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